ENT surgeons often treat conditions that affect the senses such as hearing and balance disorders or smell and taste problems. They also treat patients with conditions that affect their voice, breathing, and swallowing as well as those with head and neck tumors including the skull base, and interface with the brain. ENT surgeons may treat people of all ages from newborn babies to elderly people. They see more children than most other surgeons, apart from pediatric surgeons. One of the attractions is that they treat a wide spectrum of ages and diseases. A proportion of an ENT surgeon’s time is spent in outpatient clinics and managing conditions medically without the need for surgery.